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PhD in Geography Course Admission Process 2025-26, Entrance exams, Syllabus, Jobs, Salary, and Future Scope.

It is a doctoral degree program in which we study lands, features, inhabitant, phenomena of earth and planets. The minimum time required for PhD Geography is 3 years. But can be increased depending on researched duration. A candidate who want to take admission in PhD Geography should have to clear entrance exams like UGC-NET, CSIR-UGC-NET, etc. After clearing the examinations you have to appear for interview to be organized by concerned department. PhD Geography includes subjects like Geography of Transport & Trade, Biogeography, Political Geography, Geomorphology, Oceanography, etc. The candidate will have to select any topic of their choice and they have to research and submit the thesis. After successful completion of the course the candidate can work as Hydrologist, Oceanographer, Geographer, Professor, Teachers, Water Conservation specialist, Geomorphologist, Geospatial analyst, etc. The average salary after the completion of this course is 4 LPA to 8LPA.

Given below are the highlights of PhD in Geography Course:



PhD Geography




3 years


Post-Graduation in any stream

Admission Process

Entrance test followed by Personal Interview 

Average tuition fee

INR 2,000 to 5,00,000

Average salary

INR 4,00,000 to INR 8,00,000 

Top recruiting areas

Businesses, Community, Social & Personal Service, Diplomacy, Publishing Houses, Geography Departments, Health & Social Work, Divinity, Hotels & Restaurants, Insurance Industry, Public Service, Research, Public Administration, Retail Sector Student Affairs, Teaching etc.

Top Job Profiles 

Water Conservation specialist, Geomorphologist, Geospatial analyst, Hydrologist, Oceanographer, Geographer, Professor, Teachers, etc. 


 Listed below are the best colleges in India for PhD in Geography Course Admission:

College Name


Fee Structure

Annual Salary

Banaras Hindu University


INR     3806

INR 7,20,000

Jadavar University


INR     8000

INR 9,00,000

University of Calcutta


INR     3395

INR 4,00,000

Jamia Milia Islamia

New Delhi

INR   13870

INR 8,00,000

Aligarh Muslim University


INR     9285

INR 9,18,000

Bharati Vidyapeeth


INR    30,000

INR 4,80,000

University of Mumbai


INR     1931

INR  3,76,000

Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar Marathawada University


INR 22231

INR   3,00,000


Admission Process: The Admission to PhD Geography is take place on the basis of Merit or Entrance test.

Merit Based: The admission of the students in PhD is take place on the basis of grades obtained in the degree and master’s degree. In this students skill and abilities are checked. The student should fill prescribed form. Admission to PhD course is take place in once a year.

Entrance Based: Admission to this programme is done by entrance exam as well. The students will have to pass the examination to get admission to the course. The Concerned Department Committee can give relief from entrance test to deserving candidate. If any student have PhD Degree in relevant subject from a recognized university can be given relief from entrance test and coursework to deserving candidate. Shortlisted candidate appear before the concerned department for interview. The final stage is interview if you clear the interview you can study PhD Geography.

Documents required for PhD in Geography Course Admission:

·         Degree certificate of last qualifying degree examination.

·         Mark sheet of last qualifying degree examination.

·         Character certificate.

·         Migration certificate.

·         Documentary proof for date of birth.

·         Gap certificate (If applicable).

·         No objection certificate from employer (If employed).

·         Research proposal.

 Entrance exams: Some of top entrance exams for PhD in Geography Course Admission are given below:

Entrance Exam

Entrance Exam

Registration Dateegistration Date

Exam Date Dates

CSIR UGC NET  (July/December Session)

To be Announced

To be Announced

UGC NET ( July/December Session)

To be Announced

To be Announced


To be Announced

To be Announced


Preparation of Entrance Exams: The Entrance test consist two papers Paper 1 and Paper 2.

Paper 1 would be General Aptitude test of 100 marks and Paper 2 would be subject wise of 100 marks. General Aptitude test have 50 multiple choice questions covering Research & Teaching Aptitude, Logical Thinking, General Comprehension.

Paper 2 will subject to Concerned Department of 100 marks. 30 marks for Objective type exam and 70 marks for Descriptive type exam.

The student must have idea about what to study and the type of questions to be asked in examination.

The questions asked in entrance exam are of both types subjective and objective. The exams have duration of 2-3 hours mostly.

The candidate must practice sample papers and try to complete the exam in time.

 Syllabus of PhD in Geography Course Admission:


Year 1Year I

Year 2


Year 3Year III


Population Geography

Geography of India


Settlement Geography



Economic Geography

Statistical Methods


Agricultural Geography


History of Geographic Thought

Industrial Geography

Social Geography

Political Geography

Geography of Transport and Trade

Regional Planning


Cultural Geography



Job Profiles After PhD in Geography Course 

Job Profiles: There are many job opportunities available after PhD such as Geographical Information System Officer, Planning & Development Surveyor, Teachers and Professors, Cartographer, Environmental Consultant, etc.

Salaries offered to some of these profiles are listed in below table.





SalaryAnnual Salary 

Geographical Information System Officer

As a GIS officer, you'll be involved in the collection of geographical and spatial information and its storage, analysis and presentation. You'll need to: use a range of GPS tools in the field to capture the location of 'assets' such as bridges, street lights, road barriers and flood defenses.

INR 4,78,000

Environmental Consultant

Environmental consultants provide expert assessment and advisory services for their clients on matters pertaining to the management of environmental issues. Furthermore, you'll be responsible for making sure that revised environmental policies and procedures comply with environmental laws and regulations.

INR 8,18,000


Cartographers are concerned with all aspects of map-making (scientific, technological and artistic). They are responsible for: researching, collecting, storing, retrieving, evaluating and manipulating data, designing maps.

INR 7,49,000

Nature Conservation Officer

As a nature conservation officer you'll work to protect, manage and enhance the local environment. This can include grassland, woodland, forests, coastal areas, moorland, mountains and rivers. Depending on the region, you might also work in marine habitats.

INR 6,00,000

Human Resources Specialist

The role of a Human Resource (HR) Specialist is to recruit, support, train, and place employees of a company. Depending on the company's size, a human resource department may have multiple specialists to perform specific tasks including overseeing performance reviews and maintaining employee records.

INR 6,90,000


Future and Scope:

1. The PhD candidate can work as geography writer, climatologists, environmental consultant, meteorologist, cartographer, and urban planner.

2. They can work as researcher in various labs and government organizations.

3. They can take Geography classes in colleges after the completion of PhD Geography.

4. They have a lot of opportunities in research and educational field.